A simple code dictates how DNA is translated into proteins in all living things. Scientists have long thought of these translations as universal, but lately, a few exceptions have come to light. Now, researchers at Yale are probing how and why the genetic code might change.
Hormones — powerful yet puzzling signaling molecules — are as historical as they are chemical. In a thought-provoking documentary by BBC, renowned endocrinologist John Wass traces the 300-year history behind hormones.
Bisphenol A, or BPA, is in almost every part of our modern world, but we know relatively little about the effects that this chemical has on our cognitive functions. Recent findings from a team led by Dr. John Elsworth suggest that BPA may affect our working memory
Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health have recently discovered a way to find out in only one minute if you’ve been eating your fruits and vegetables. You might want to think again before sugarcoating your diet to your doctor next time.
Herpes Simple Virus Type II is capable of eluding vaccines that utilize the body’s adaptive immune response. Yale Professor of Immunobiology Akiko Iwasaki and her research group have discovered a network of immune cells that provides sustained protection at the site of infection, suggesting a more effective approach to vaccine development.
Recent studies in the field of microbiology have overturned prior beliefs on the mechanism of action of antibiotics. These findings hold promise for the future development of antibiotic drugs for combatting the rise in superbugs worldwide. But first, the mystery surrounding antibiotics must be solved.
A team of researchers recently elucidated the structure and dynamics of the HIV fusion machine, which the virus uses to infect human beings. This exciting discovery, published in both Science and Nature, is a potential breakthrough for HIV vaccine development.
Tim Newhouse, Assistant Professor of Chemistry, plans to uses neuroactive molecules from natural products to probe the mysterious mechanisms of memory and cognition in the brain.
Scientists at Yale University, led by Dr. Rajita Sinha, have shown that males and females respond differently to cocaine addiction treatment. Females have higher rates of success on various drugs while males are harder to treat.
“A small molecule found in bacteria and plants is capable of causing major changes in gene expression in response to environmental conditions. Researchers in the Steitz Lab at Yale have solved a long-standing puzzle by figuring out how it works.”