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Tag "Biochemistry"

Banned Weight-Loss Drug Repurposed for Diabetes

Banned Weight-Loss Drug Repurposed for Diabetes

The molecule behind a weight-loss pill banned in 1938 is making a comeback. Professor Gerald Shulman and his research team have made strides to reintroduce 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP), a once toxic weight-loss molecule, as a potential new treatment for type

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Q&A: How Do Some Organisms Glow in the Dark?

Q&A: How Do Some Organisms Glow in the Dark?

Although humans never evolved the necessary mechanisms to glow themselves, some bioluminescent species can in fact emit their own light. The trick? A specific type chemical reaction, which happens to have many practical applications.

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Unraveling the Mysteries of Genetic Evolution: How promoter mutations may factor in

Unraveling the Mysteries of Genetic Evolution: How promoter mutations may factor in

Evolution as we know it is driven by mutations in genes. But researchers at Yale were curious about what surrounds a gene. That is, how does a whole gene network evolve?

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Rewriting Life: How Changing the Genetic Code Changes Everything Else

Rewriting Life: How Changing the Genetic Code Changes Everything Else

A simple code dictates how DNA is translated into proteins in all living things. Scientists have long thought of these translations as universal, but lately, a few exceptions have come to light. Now, researchers at Yale are probing how and why the genetic code might change.

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Documentary Review: The Fantastical World of Hormones

Documentary Review: The Fantastical World of Hormones

Hormones — powerful yet puzzling signaling molecules — are as historical as they are chemical. In a thought-provoking documentary by BBC, renowned endocrinologist John Wass traces the 300-year history behind hormones.

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A Controversial Chemical: Yale study investigates the cognitive effects of BPA

A Controversial Chemical: Yale study investigates the cognitive effects of BPA

Bisphenol A, or BPA, is in almost every part of our modern world, but we know relatively little about the effects that this chemical has on our cognitive functions. Recent findings from a team led by Dr. John Elsworth suggest that BPA may affect our working memory

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A Smarter Way to Track Nutrition

A Smarter Way to Track Nutrition

Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health have recently discovered a way to find out in only one minute if you’ve been eating your fruits and vegetables. You might want to think again before sugarcoating your diet to your doctor next time.

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The Immune System and its Frontier Defense Against Herpes

The Immune System and its Frontier Defense Against Herpes

Herpes Simple Virus Type II is capable of eluding vaccines that utilize the body’s adaptive immune response. Yale Professor of Immunobiology Akiko Iwasaki and her research group have discovered a network of immune cells that provides sustained protection at the site of infection, suggesting a more effective approach to vaccine development.

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Unsolved Mysteries: The Enigmatic Mechanism of Age-old Antibiotics

Unsolved Mysteries: The Enigmatic Mechanism of Age-old Antibiotics

Recent studies in the field of microbiology have overturned prior beliefs on the mechanism of action of antibiotics. These findings hold promise for the future development of antibiotic drugs for combatting the rise in superbugs worldwide. But first, the mystery surrounding antibiotics must be solved.

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Dragging HIV into the Limelight: Exposing the Anatomy of the World’s Leading Infectious Killer

Dragging HIV into the Limelight: Exposing the Anatomy of the World’s Leading Infectious Killer

A team of researchers recently elucidated the structure and dynamics of the HIV fusion machine, which the virus uses to infect human beings. This exciting discovery, published in both Science and Nature, is a potential breakthrough for HIV vaccine development.

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