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Tag "Biology"

Flexible Hair Stem Cells: Characterizing the pluripotency of stem cells in our skin

Our skin helps protect us from outside pathogens, maintain homeostasis, and interact with our surroundings. Although we understand many of the mechanisms that allow our skin to accomplish many important tasks, there is much to be discovered about this vast

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Is That Wet? Researchers characterize moisture-sensing proteins

Odorant binding proteins (Obps) are a class of proteins found in insects responsible for carrying odorants to their receptors, giving the insects their ability to smell. However, Obp59a, a recently discovered protein in Drosophila (fruit flies) has an unexpected function:

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Alumni Profile: Christina Agapakis (YC ’06)

Bridging Biology and Art   Being different has always been the norm for Christina Agapakis (YC ’06). After receiving her PhD in biological and biomedical sciences from Harvard University in 2011, she became the creative director in 2015 for Ginkgo

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Undergraduate Profile: Nicole Eskow (PC ’19)

Looking forward in cancer biology   Nicole Eskow (PC ’19) has always been asking questions. “After losing both of my grandmothers to cancer at a young age, I began to inquire about cancers and where these diseases originate,” Eskow said.

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Essential Errors: Advantageous error-prone DNA Translation

In the average adult human, half a pound of proteins is turned over daily–destroyed and rebuilt from scratch. Among the many biological processes that occupy an organism throughout its lifetime, protein production ranks among the most intensive. Most forms of

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Rescuing the Immune System: The defenses cancers raise against us, and how we defeat them

The process of drug development is enigmatic to most of us. Several groups, labs, and industries contribute considerable time and resources to producing the medicines which keep us healthy. The key to a drug’s success is the interplay between industry,

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The Brain on a Dish: Organoids in the Age of Big Data

Yale neurobiologists are growing brain organoids to better understand the causes of neurological disorders. Brain organoids are artificial organs which are grown by differentiating pluripotent stem cells into neuronal tissues.   Researchers in professor Flora Vaccarino’s lab at the Yale

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Selecting for Cancer: Using evolution to explain the spread of cancer

In 2018, the International Agency for Research on Cancer estimated seventeen million new cancer diagnoses and 9.5 million cancer-related deaths worldwide. Though the numbers are grim, researchers have made great strides in explaining what causes and promotes cancer through an

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Placenta-on-a-Chip

Placenta-on-a-Chip

Studying preterm birth and drug transfer during pregnancy Over one in ten babies are born prematurely, before they are 37 weeks old.  Although preterm birth may seem like a pretty common occurrence, its causes are in fact under-examined, and its

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(Evolutionary) Rebels Without a Cause:

(Evolutionary) Rebels Without a Cause:

How treeshrew body sizes defy the rules “You’re tearing me apart!” cries James Dean in the iconic scene from Rebel Without a Cause. Though the connection might not be obvious at first glance, the history of categorizing treeshrew species has

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