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Tag "Biology"

Placenta-on-a-Chip

Placenta-on-a-Chip

Studying preterm birth and drug transfer during pregnancy Over one in ten babies are born prematurely, before they are 37 weeks old.  Although preterm birth may seem like a pretty common occurrence, its causes are in fact under-examined, and its

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(Evolutionary) Rebels Without a Cause:

(Evolutionary) Rebels Without a Cause:

How treeshrew body sizes defy the rules “You’re tearing me apart!” cries James Dean in the iconic scene from Rebel Without a Cause. Though the connection might not be obvious at first glance, the history of categorizing treeshrew species has

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Legionnaires’ Disease Linked to Some CT Watersheds

Legionnaires’ Disease Linked to Some CT Watersheds

In the 21st century, some believe water contamination in the United States is an issue of the past. Advancements in plumbing, sanitation, and water treatment have drastically reduced the number of diseases spread through infected water. In Connecticut, however, one

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What’s Causing that Cough?

What’s Causing that Cough?

Chances are, you’ve had a respiratory infection. From the common cold to strep throat, these infections run the gamut from mild inconveniences to near-deadly for vulnerable individuals. While viral respiratory infections are common, there aren’t any simple, inexpensive diagnostic tests

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Amygdala and Anxiety

Amygdala and Anxiety

Response to anxiety in previously institutionalized youths The amygdala is commonly known as the fear control center of our brain, but it also plays an important role in ensuring our survival by directing attention to salient stimuli. Studies have shown

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The Single Birds’ Bar

The Single Birds’ Bar

The evolution of super-black feathers in birds-of-paradise Just like a teenager before a first date, male birds-of-paradise spend hours checking their looks and practicing their dance moves. But unlike a teenager, who might change clothes five times before leaving the

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Sneaking Organs Past the Immune System

Sneaking Organs Past the Immune System

How to prevent those lucky enough to receive a transplant from losing them The diagnosis comes in: patient X has end-stage renal failure. His kidneys no longer work, and he has the choice of either staying hooked up to a

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Drop the Broom: Inhibiting a Housekeeping Enzyme to Treat Diseases

Drop the Broom: Inhibiting a Housekeeping Enzyme to Treat Diseases

Delivering therapeutic treatments to cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative targets Within our bodies’ cells, a myriad of chemical reactions orchestrate life. These reactions ensure our health and are essential to all of our bodily functions, including metabolism and homeostasis within the

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Studying the Few to Serve the Many: Studying the rare Gaucher disease to discover molecular mechanisms behind the common Parkinson’s Disease

Studying the Few to Serve the Many: Studying the rare Gaucher disease to discover molecular mechanisms behind the common Parkinson’s Disease

Yale scientists found two potential enzymes to target via cell therapy to treat the common variety of Parkinson’s disease associated with Gaucher disease. These two enzymes regulate the pathology of the specific lipids that accumulate due to Gaucher disease.

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Demystifying the Genes Behind Breast Cancer

Demystifying the Genes Behind Breast Cancer

It’s taken over two decades to fit together pieces of information about the BRCA genes behind breast and ovarian cancer. Researchers in the Sung Lab at Yale University, led by Patrick Sung and Weixing Zhao, have tackled the problem by developing a way to study proteins, which led to discovering the function of BRCA1 and its interaction with other genes in the role of tumor expression.

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