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Tag "Ecology"

Sugar’s Saving Graces: Reducing the strain of an active lifestyle

Sugar’s Saving Graces: Reducing the strain of an active lifestyle

Researchers studying hawk moths discover the solution to a long-standing paradox in our understanding of metabolism. An ancient biological remnant of a different time may be responsible for protecting us against the more dangerous side-effects of the oxygen we need to survive.

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Plants Protecting Against Pathogens: Seagrass Meadows Clean the Waters Near Coral Reefs

Plants Protecting Against Pathogens: Seagrass Meadows Clean the Waters Near Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are an economically and ecologically important ecosystem, supporting a vast array of life and providing tourism opportunities. Reefs face numerous threats, including coral disease, but another ecosystem may already be alleviating that problem. Recent research shows that seagrass meadows reduce levels of pathogenic bacteria, improving the health of nearby coral reefs.

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Sex-Switching Frogs

Sex-Switching Frogs

Is road salt as safe as it seems? Researchers found that the salt is changing sex ratios in frogs, causing permanent alterations in the populations.

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Yale Graduate Challenges Existing Ideas About Ecosystem Models

Yale Graduate Challenges Existing Ideas About Ecosystem Models

Plant functional traits are viewed as key to predicting important ecosystem and community properties among biogeographic regions. However, a recent study led by Elisabeth Forrestel GRD ’15 challenges the trait-based approach to predicting ecosystem function by demonstrating that different combinations of functional traits can act to maximize net primary productivity, a community property, in a given environmental setting.

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Q&A: Why Do Killer Whales Go Through Menopause?

Q&A: Why Do Killer Whales Go Through Menopause?

Why do some species, including humans and killer whales, stop reproducing long before the end of their lives? A new study from Exeter University suggests that older females may gain adaptive advantages by helping to raise their daughters’ calves instead of raising their own.

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Q&A: What’s killing our honeybees?

Q&A: What’s killing our honeybees?

Researchers from Penn State have found that a class of chemicals formerly thought to be inert may actually be accelerating honeybee mortality.

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The Powerpuff Sponges: Sea sponges solve problems in structural engineering

The Powerpuff Sponges: Sea sponges solve problems in structural engineering

Deceptively flimsy, sea sponges may just be the key to stronger and more effective material design. Michael Monn and Haneesh Kesari investigated the structure properties of the rod-like spicules that give the sponges their shape and found that their tapered shape makes them 33% less likely to buckle under pressure.

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Unlikely Friendships: Gut Bacteria Edition

Unlikely Friendships: Gut Bacteria Edition

Researchers study the guts of insects to uncover how a symbiotic microbe develops a part of the tsetse fly’s immune system. This finding raises the importance of understanding the role of bacterial species in the human microbiome.

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Discovering Why the Caged Bird Sings

Discovering Why the Caged Bird Sings

Researchers led by Professor Richard Carson, Director of the Yale PET Center, have found a link between the hormone corticosterone and stress-related behavior in captured wild birds. The study opens up new questions about how wild animals adapt to captivity and its stresses.

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Plastic Preys on Deep-Sea Organisms

Plastic Preys on Deep-Sea Organisms

A marine study at the University of Oxford illuminates the extent of plastic pollution in our oceans by probing deep-sea organisms instead of organisms from more-commonly-studied aquatic environments.

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