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Tag "Environmental Science"

Harnessing the Sun for Clean Water

Harnessing the Sun for Clean Water

Yale researchers have developed a small-scale, solar-powered water purification system using nanotechnology. The design, created in collaboration with the Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Systems center, is intended to provide clean water in off-grid scenarios, such as rural areas and disaster zones.

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Microbial Diversity: How environmental niches affect biological diversification

Microbial Diversity: How environmental niches affect biological diversification

By studying rocks that are almost three million years old, a team of researchers led by Eva Stüeken found out that the diversification of environmental niches plays a role in the diversification of microbial populations.

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A Gecko Opera: Reptile Vocal Plasticity and the Lombard Effect

A Gecko Opera: Reptile Vocal Plasticity and the Lombard Effect

Humans, and many other animals, reflexively increase the volume of their vocalizations in a noisy environment, a phenomenon called the Lombard effect. A new study on geckos, one of the first to examine vocal plasticity in a reptile, found that while geckos do not exhibit the Lombard effect, they do modify their calls in other ways so as to more easily be heard over noise.

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Bessie Schwarz (FES ’14): On the road to rain

Bessie Schwarz (FES ’14): On the road to rain

Bessie Schwarz (FES ‘14) is the co-founder of Cloud to Street, a company that uses machine learning techniques to predict climate change disasters. This technology can calculate the flood vulnerabilities of communities, and help governments to make more informed policy decisions to decrease the overall damage done by climate change disasters.

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Sugar’s Saving Graces: Reducing the strain of an active lifestyle

Sugar’s Saving Graces: Reducing the strain of an active lifestyle

Researchers studying hawk moths discover the solution to a long-standing paradox in our understanding of metabolism. An ancient biological remnant of a different time may be responsible for protecting us against the more dangerous side-effects of the oxygen we need to survive.

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Plants Protecting Against Pathogens: Seagrass Meadows Clean the Waters Near Coral Reefs

Plants Protecting Against Pathogens: Seagrass Meadows Clean the Waters Near Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are an economically and ecologically important ecosystem, supporting a vast array of life and providing tourism opportunities. Reefs face numerous threats, including coral disease, but another ecosystem may already be alleviating that problem. Recent research shows that seagrass meadows reduce levels of pathogenic bacteria, improving the health of nearby coral reefs.

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Sex-Switching Frogs

Sex-Switching Frogs

Is road salt as safe as it seems? Researchers found that the salt is changing sex ratios in frogs, causing permanent alterations in the populations.

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Nature’s GPS:  It’s Not As Batty As You Think!

Nature’s GPS: It’s Not As Batty As You Think!

Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science used an Epyptian-fruit-bat model to study the brain’s representation of navigation from Point A to Point B. Their work on how the bat brain handles goal-focused navigation could affect how we will one day treat Alzheimer’s.

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Mega Cities, Mega Problems

Mega Cities, Mega Problems

A new publication examines how population growth and urbanization will reduce croplands, potentially destabilize governments and instigate social conflict. Yale Professor Karen Seto, a coauthor of the international study, studies urbanization and the changing global landscape.

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Plastic Preys on Deep-Sea Organisms

Plastic Preys on Deep-Sea Organisms

A marine study at the University of Oxford illuminates the extent of plastic pollution in our oceans by probing deep-sea organisms instead of organisms from more-commonly-studied aquatic environments.

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