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Tag "Evolutionary Biology"

Turned Tortoise: Shell geometry helps tortoises get back on their feet

Turned Tortoise: Shell geometry helps tortoises get back on their feet

🕔22:19, 5.Mar 2015

Turning over is neither easy nor trivial for a belly-up tortoise — lying flipped over on its shell makes the reptile vulnerable to predation, among other hazards. According to a new study conducted at the University of Belgrade, certain types of tortoises may have an advantage in this situation depending on the geometry and size of their shells. In addition, researchers have investigated the evolutionary trade-offs of these ideal shell shapes.

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A Genome-Based Attack on the Tsetse Fly

A Genome-Based Attack on the Tsetse Fly

🕔16:29, 18.Jan 2015

Recently, a team of 146 scientists unraveled the genome of the tsetse fly, the vector of a lethal disease called sleeping sickness. With this new genetic information, many scientists have proposed innovative solutions to protect the 70 million people in sub-Saharan Africa who are affected by this disease.

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Animating Ancient Arthropods: Modern modeling techniques shed light on new species’ origins

Animating Ancient Arthropods: Modern modeling techniques shed light on new species’ origins

🕔14:03, 18.Jan 2015

A Yale-led group discovers and characterizes an ancient carnivorous crustaceous using high-tech methods.

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Protecting the Nonhuman from the Inhumane: Personhood and Chimpanzees

Protecting the Nonhuman from the Inhumane: Personhood and Chimpanzees

🕔13:23, 18.Jan 2015

Recently, the Nonhuman Rights Project fought for legal personhood for a 26 year-old chimpanzee named Tommy. The case relates to current research on primate genetics, cognition, and emotion.

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Connecting the Address Book to the Family Tree for the Earth’s Vertebrates

Connecting the Address Book to the Family Tree for the Earth’s Vertebrates

🕔13:11, 18.Jan 2015

Professor Walter Jetz recently received a boost in NSF funding for projects integrating the global distribution of species with their placement on the tree of life.

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Masters of Light: The Science Behind Nature’s Brightest Colors

Masters of Light: The Science Behind Nature’s Brightest Colors

🕔12:32, 30.Dec 2014

Many of nature’s most brilliant colors arise not from pigments, but from curious tricks of light. From the brilliant blue of a morpho butterfly to a beetle’s iridescent emerald, structural colors continue to mystify physicists and biologists. A recently unearthed beetle fossil sheds light on the evolution of these spectacular colors.

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Fossils Reveal that Many Marine Reptiles Separately Joined the Dark Side

Fossils Reveal that Many Marine Reptiles Separately Joined the Dark Side

🕔00:03, 25.Mar 2014

New fossil remains of prehistoric reptiles shine light on the dark coloration of their skin. These distinct pigmentations may have played key ecological roles in these distantly related animals.

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Vikings: Savages or Social Butterflies?

Vikings: Savages or Social Butterflies?

🕔00:24, 25.Dec 2013

Historians have recorded numerous Viking invasions in medieval Europe, but are the Vikings simply savage barbarians? Using statistical mechanical tools to analyze ancient texts, scientists have discovered that Vikings formed complex social networks.

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The Cambrian Explosion: Evolution’s Big Bang

The Cambrian Explosion: Evolution’s Big Bang

🕔23:37, 23.Dec 2013

The origins of insects, spiders, scorpions, crustaceans, and their relatives date to more than 500 million years ago, a period termed the Cambrian Explosion, when most of the modern groups of arthropods first occurred. A new study shows that rates of arthropod evolution during this period were 4 to 5 times faster than they are today.

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Human Activity Boosts Brain Size in Animals

Human Activity Boosts Brain Size in Animals

🕔21:15, 21.Dec 2013

A new study at the University of Minnesota suggests that human activity may be driving local mammals to develop bigger brains.

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