A simple code dictates how DNA is translated into proteins in all living things. Scientists have long thought of these translations as universal, but lately, a few exceptions have come to light. Now, researchers at Yale are probing how and why the genetic code might change.
This past summer’s Ice Bucket Challenge brought national attention to ALS, raising millions of dollars in research funds. Exciting advances are underway, and it is important that social media users, who were so eager to participate in the summer craze, understand the science behind this fatal disease and its treatment options.
Just as humans evolve as populations, the translation of genotype to phenotype changes with time. A recent study co-authored by a Yale professor reveals that the correlation between a gene and its effect is not consistent over time, which brings past and current genetic research into question.
New research gives hope for women suffering from Leigh syndrome and other mitochondrial diseases.
Recently, a team of 146 scientists unraveled the genome of the tsetse fly, the vector of a lethal disease called sleeping sickness. With this new genetic information, many scientists have proposed innovative solutions to protect the 70 million people in sub-Saharan Africa who are affected by this disease.
A better understanding of neural interaction with fat tissue can lead to more targeted treatments for obesity.
Recent research on the worm C. elegans reveals a connection between the gene SKN-1, proline, and fat accumulation. In the future, miracle drugs may target these genes to prevent weight gain, even in the condition of a high-sugar diet.
Recently, the Nonhuman Rights Project fought for legal personhood for a 26 year-old chimpanzee named Tommy. The case relates to current research on primate genetics, cognition, and emotion.
Yale Researchers Leonard Kaczmarek and Christopher Pittenger are working on investigating rare genetic diseases through a combination of genetic sequencing, basic science research and clinical application.
Identical twins share exactly the same genome, and are usually raised under the same conditions during the early parts of their lives. Thus, it is not surprising that identical twins share strikingly similar physical features. However, twins often find themselves