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Tag "Health and Medicine"

Killing Cancerous Cells: Using Genetically Engineered T-Cells to Target Tumors

Killing Cancerous Cells: Using Genetically Engineered T-Cells to Target Tumors

Cancer is estimated to affect forty percent of individuals in the United States at some point in their lifetimes. Cancer is marked by rapid, unchecked cell growth and proliferation, which has led researchers to investigate and refine cytotoxic, or cell-killing,

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Repairing Tissue with Sleeping Cells: How Stromal and Fibroblast Cocultures Encourage Blood Vessel Formation

Repairing Tissue with Sleeping Cells: How Stromal and Fibroblast Cocultures Encourage Blood Vessel Formation

Wound healing and tissue repair often require the growth of new tissue. However, the main issue with current methods of tissue engineering is developing an adequate vasculature network to support it. Newly created tissues require the growth of a robust

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Cellular Forces Altering the Extracellular Matrix

Cellular Forces Altering the Extracellular Matrix

Through biophysics, a field that takes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of biological processes, researchers have been able to make great progress in understanding cells, the building blocks of our lives. In studying the underlying biophysics and mechanics of

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Reductionism Sparks Expansion: Microbiome Profiling Analysis

Reductionism Sparks Expansion: Microbiome Profiling Analysis

Most of us have heard of good bacteria or, perhaps on a whim, have bought probiotics that contribute to the multi-billion dollar ‘gut health’ industry. These are references to some of the microorganisms, the sum of which are called the

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Yale Chemists Pave a New Path to Combat Antibiotic Resistance, but the Market May be a Problem

Yale Chemists Pave a New Path to Combat Antibiotic Resistance, but the Market May be a Problem

Yale chemists may have found a way to create a new class of antibiotics that could potentially change how we approach antibiotic development and combat antibiotic resistance. However, the biggest challenge to developing new antibiotics can be the economic potential

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The Third Reproductive Organ: Yale Study Reveals the Important of Bone Marrow in Successful Pregnancies

The Third Reproductive Organ: Yale Study Reveals the Important of Bone Marrow in Successful Pregnancies

What if some infertility problems are not just issues with the ovaries or uterus? After decades of groundbreaking research, Yale doctors Hugh S. Taylor and Reshef Tal have discovered that bone marrow might play a part in the success of

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Mosquitoes Survive

Mosquitoes Survive

It is an increasingly common and controversial strategy to reduce populations of  mosquitoes that can transmit dangerous diseases. But a new Yale study finds that it might not work and might actually make things worse. Oxitec, a commercial biotechnology company,

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Expanding Cancer Immunotherapy Targets

Expanding Cancer Immunotherapy Targets

The human immune system is an arsenal ready to fend off invading pathogens. In recent years, the emerging field of cancer immunotherapy has shown that the immune system can sometimes also fight cancer. Now Yale scientists headed by Sidi Chen,

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Yale Scientists Create Novel Framework to Detect Hidden Virus Outbreaks

Yale Scientists Create Novel Framework to Detect Hidden Virus Outbreaks

In 2016, a Zika epidemic raged across the Americas, leading to more than 1,263 reported infections. Zika is a mosquito-borne virus that has been linked to an increased risk of neurological complications in adults and children, and birth defects in

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Delivering the Lethal Blow: New Cancer Drug Inhibits DNA Repair

Delivering the Lethal Blow: New Cancer Drug Inhibits DNA Repair

Many standard cancer treatments, like radiotherapy and chemotherapy, attempt to create damage in the DNA of cancer cells. Unfortunately, these treatments are often ineffective because cancer cells can respond by activating their DNA repair pathway, allowing them to fix their

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