A recent study has called for additional precautionary measures to be taken when sterilizing surgical instruments for brain surgery, in order to ensure that they are not contaminated by prions.
Tag "Molecular Biology"
Evolution as we know it is driven by mutations in genes. But researchers at Yale were curious about what surrounds a gene. That is, how does a whole gene network evolve?
New Yale research reveals how Salmonella bacteria move when flagella are of no use, adding dimensions to our understanding of bacterial choreography.
The nervous system is built on a tight schedule. Scientists investigated this neurological clock in zebrafish, bringing us closer to a complete picture of brain development.
With mechanical failure, physical damage, and format obsolescence threatening devices from CDs to servers, we cannot count on the digital storage media that we use today to last forever. Robert Grass has discovered a more durable way to store digital information: by encoding it in silica-covered molecules of DNA.
Cancer cells are able to avoid destruction by the immune system by expressing a protein that inhibits T-cells. Scientists have now reactivated the immune system in some cancer patients, improved the prognosis of people who had exhausted all other treatment options.
A simple code dictates how DNA is translated into proteins in all living things. Scientists have long thought of these translations as universal, but lately, a few exceptions have come to light. Now, researchers at Yale are probing how and why the genetic code might change.
New research gives hope for women suffering from Leigh syndrome and other mitochondrial diseases.
Recent studies in the field of microbiology have overturned prior beliefs on the mechanism of action of antibiotics. These findings hold promise for the future development of antibiotic drugs for combatting the rise in superbugs worldwide. But first, the mystery surrounding antibiotics must be solved.
Yale Professor Ronald Breaker is investigating and isolating regulatory mechanisms hidden in sections of RNA previously labeled as “junk.” His study of these mechanisms, called riboswitches, is yielding a better understanding of the evolutionary history of life on earth.