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Earth and Environment

The Origins of Water in Earth: Meteorites offer insight on the early conditions of Earth

The Origins of Water in Earth: Meteorites offer insight on the early conditions of Earth

Earth is remarkable in countless ways, but particularly for providing a home to the only known living creatures in the universe. That Earth has the building blocks for life is extraordinary, but how did these circumstances come about? New research

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Can Flags Make Energy?

Can Flags Make Energy?

Jorge Silva Leon and a team of researchers at the University of Manchester recently published a paper in Applied Energy on a technology that generates energy on a much smaller scale than ususal—the microgrid. Powering the ever-expanding microgrid of mobile

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Shazam for Seismologists? How a new data mining technique is shaking up earthquake science

Shazam for Seismologists? How a new data mining technique is shaking up earthquake science

Have you ever experienced an earth­quake? Because many earthquakes are small and can go by unnoticed, the answer for most people is yes. A common miscon­ception about earthquakes is that they are always associated with ruptured pavement, collapsed buildings, and

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An Unlikely Partnership: Why a parasitic relationship became mutualistic

An Unlikely Partnership: Why a parasitic relationship became mutualistic

When we think about bacteriophages, we don’t typically think of cooperation. Commonly represented with six legs and a big “head”, bacteriophages can look more like a bug than a microbial predator. Bacteriophages, a type of virus, attack by injecting their

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The Evolution of Fire: Preserved proteins reveal a more accurate tree of life

The Evolution of Fire: Preserved proteins reveal a more accurate tree of life

Forest fires, while harmful for individual plants, offer re­storative benefits for an ecosystem. Flammability, therefore, may be an example of group selection, a process by which a trait that may not be advantageous for individuals may become prevalent if it

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Tracing Ancient Motion in Rocks

Tracing Ancient Motion in Rocks

Pangea is Earth’s most well-known and recent supercontinent. It began to break apart only around two hundred million years ago, but the history of Earth’s continental movement starts many more hundreds of millions of years ago. David Evans, director of

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Pests or Engineers?

Pests or Engineers?

How termites help mitigate the effects of rainforest drought When termites come up in everyday conversation, horror stories of tented houses and damaged house foundations usually soon follow. However, of all the termite species in the world, only four percent

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Sources and Sinks: How animals shape the carbon cycle

Sources and Sinks: How animals shape the carbon cycle

The global carbon cycle is an essential aspect of life on Earth, and there has been extensive scientific research concerning how the movement and exchange of carbon compounds can help manage atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations and predict climate change.

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Dinosaur Secrets

Dinosaur Secrets

Preserved proteins reveal a more accurate tree of life Paleontology has long been regarded as the domain of dinosaur bones, teeth, and shells. During fossilization, these hard, organic scaffolds behave like a rough cast, providing structure for the assembly of

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Leaves in 3D

Leaves in 3D

Scientists have long studied the internal processes of leaves in two dimensions, yet most of life’s processes occur in three. A technology recently developed and implemented at Yale allows researchers to create more complete models of the inside of leaves

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