The Evolution of Sex: More Gay After All

The Evolution of Sex: More Gay After All

Image courtesy of Jee & Nani Nature Photograph 2016. Ever heard of damselflies engaging in same-sex behavior? It turns out many different animals, from birds to mammals to even insects, display same-sex behavior (SSB). However, since SSB reduces the production

Explaining Extinction: What Happened 66 Million Years Ago

Explaining Extinction: What Happened 66 Million Years Ago

Image courtesy of Peter Arnold, Inc., National Geographic. Geologists have long debated the primary driver of the mass extinction which occurred more than sixty-six million years ago. Until recently, the discussion had consistently bounced between two dominant hypotheses: extraterrestrial impacts

Calculating Our Real Carbon Footprint

Calculating Our Real Carbon Footprint

Image courtesy of Ellie Gabriel. It has become increasingly clear that greenhouse gas emissions are contributing to an unsustainable future. In the United States, environmentally extended input/output analysis (EEIO) has been used to track environmental footprints, but this method has

What Pregnancy Can Tell Us About Cancer: The Evolutionary Link between Embryo Implantation and Tumor Growth

What Pregnancy Can Tell Us About Cancer: The Evolutionary Link between Embryo Implantation and Tumor Growth

Image courtesy of Pexels.com. When evolutionary biologist Günter Wagner was still a child in Vienna, he watched a documentary on the Lipizzaner horses used in his city’s famous horse-riding academy. As he later learned, these horses were prone to developing

Snowballing Into a New Age:  How the Meltwater Pump May Have Contributed to Evolution

Snowballing Into a New Age: How the Meltwater Pump May Have Contributed to Evolution

Image courtesy of Ellie Gabriel. How was earth able to sustain life during a major ice age known as Snowball Earth? During that period, the planet was covered with ice sheets for millions of years. This phenomenon resulted in ocean

Put Down Your Drink:  Investigating the Role of the Kappa Opioid Receptor behind Intense Alcohol Cravings

Put Down Your Drink: Investigating the Role of the Kappa Opioid Receptor behind Intense Alcohol Cravings

Image courtesy of Grace Macdonald. Throughout history, alcohol has been enjoyed as a source of personal relaxation, a delightful accompaniment to meals, and a social lubricant. What happens when your preoccupation with alcohol becomes so intense that it inhibits your

War on Anxiety: Veterans’ Genomes Used to Discover Anxiety Genes

War on Anxiety: Veterans’ Genomes Used to Discover Anxiety Genes

Image courtesy of Libertas Academica. Ever felt anxious before a test or important presentation? Maybe it’s genetic. Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine and UC San Diego partnered with the Department of Veterans Affairs to study the genetic underpinnings

Cocktail Shrimp or Comma Shrimp? What Ancient Shrimp Can Teach Us About Evolution

Cocktail Shrimp or Comma Shrimp? What Ancient Shrimp Can Teach Us About Evolution

Image courtesy of Audrey Steinkamp. Imagine mindlessly digging into the ground and suddenly finding a fossil of a never-before-seen species. For some, such an experience is merely a dream, but for Javier Luque, a postdoctoral fellow at Yale’s Department of

Targeting the Mitochondria: Articulating Safety to Combat Liver Disease

Targeting the Mitochondria: Articulating Safety to Combat Liver Disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which afflicts up to one-third of the general adult population, is swiftly becoming the most common cause of chronic liver disease. NAFLD is also associated with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In a Yale-spearheaded

SAUCIE: An Innovative Beginning For Single Cell Analysis

SAUCIE: An Innovative Beginning For Single Cell Analysis

In the digital era, large amounts of data are collected without efficient means to analyze the information, especially in medicine. To solve this problem, a group of scientists, led by Professor Smita Krishnaswamy of Yale University, created SAUCIE (Sparse Autoencoder