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Tracking Drugs: A More Efficient Method to Quantify Drug Circulation

Tracking Drugs: A More Efficient Method to Quantify Drug Circulation

Art by Ellie Gabriel. Searching through Nanoparticle Libraries In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, clinical trials for potential drugs and treatments have never seemed more paramount. Scientists must carefully evaluate a drug’s interactions within the body and observe possible

Drivers Predicting the Future: Using Driver Mutations to Estimate Tumor Growth Patterns

Drivers Predicting the Future: Using Driver Mutations to Estimate Tumor Growth Patterns

Image courtesy of Pixabay. Ever since that split-second in which your parents’ gametes fused to generate your life, the cells that make up who you are have not stopped dividing, even right now. As they replicate, it is likely that

The Role of Death in Plant Life: How does soil organic matter help crop growth?

The Role of Death in Plant Life: How does soil organic matter help crop growth?

Art by Anasthasia Shilov. Death, SOM, and Soil Death often stays in the soil. Over time, organisms and residues in varying states of decomposition form a vital component of the soil: soil organic matter (SOM). SOM has always been thought

Building Better Qubits: The Promise of two-Cooper-Pair Tunneling

Building Better Qubits: The Promise of two-Cooper-Pair Tunneling

Art by Ellie Gabriel. Every day, hundreds of Yale students take classes in Davies Auditorium and work in the Center for Engineering, Innovation, and Design. Likely only several will know that just a few stories above them—on the 4th floor

Printing Skin: Generating Multilayered Vascularized Human Skin Grafts

Printing Skin: Generating Multilayered Vascularized Human Skin Grafts

Illustration courtesy of Mila Colizza. Biological tissue is extraordinarily complex and diverse. Human skin, for example, guards the muscles, bones, and internal organs, protects the body from pathogens, and prevents water loss. Furthermore, skin is composed of a variety of

How Sun Damage Really Causes Cancer: The effect of UV radiation on cancer-causing DNA mutations

How Sun Damage Really Causes Cancer: The effect of UV radiation on cancer-causing DNA mutations

Illustration by Anasthasia Shilov. Cancer has been one of the hottest topics in biomedical research in the past decades. In lieu of a cure, researchers have been looking for ways to treat or prevent it. Whilst cancers can occur due

An Unsung Hero: How the Enteric Nervous System Fights Infection

An Unsung Hero: How the Enteric Nervous System Fights Infection

Illustration by Anasthasia Shilov. When we think about infection, we think about microscopic drama: the immune system as the sole guardians of our bodies; white blood cells as staunch defenders against pathogenic invaders. However, while B cells hunt for antigen-presenting

A Protein Biography: 30 Years of Evolutionary Genetics Research

A Protein Biography: 30 Years of Evolutionary Genetics Research

Illustration courtesy of Anmei Little. In the era of high-resolution imaging and advanced computer modeling, scientists can see a protein’s composition in great detail and gain extensive information about its properties and function. However, these images are only transient snapshots

Harnessing Light: Measuring the color of a single photon

Harnessing Light: Measuring the color of a single photon

Image courtesy of Miriam Kopyto Photons, little packets of light, are everywhere. By some estimates, the Earth is bombarded with 1035 photons from the sun per second. Considering that there are 1020 grains of sand on earth, the number of

Leaping into Picoscience: Manipulating elemental properties by atomic scale engineering

Leaping into Picoscience: Manipulating elemental properties by atomic scale engineering

Image courtesy of Sophia Zhao If science aims to explain the structures of the natural world, picoscience refines the very structures themselves—at the atomic level. Engineering at the scale of picometers operates on a trillionth-of-a-meter scale, dealing with materials that